short description vaccinations

All animals can come into contact with some form of disease, or you yourself could carry into your home on your shoes and clothing. Unfortunately, there are so many unvaccinated pets in the area, and we do sti ll see animals suffering from serious, sometimes life th reatening diseases easily preventable by vaccination.

At Lancaster Vets recommend keeping your pet's vaccinations up to date, otherwise you are putting them at risk of contracting these potentially fatal diseases.

How do vaccines work?
Vaccines are made up of altered or killed bacteria and viruses. They work by training the white blood cells in your pet's body to recognise and attack the viruses or bacteria contained in the vaccine. This should protect against disease caused by that particular organism if your pet comes into contact with it again.

Following vaccination, your pet's immune level reaches a peak, and then begins to decline. A booster injection is then required to ensure that protection continues.

Without a booster vaccination, your pet's immune system may not be strong enough to protect them from disease. It is for this reason that it is important for older animals to still continue with regular boost er vaccinations.

Dog Vaccinations
Vaccination protects your dog against 4 life threatening diseases: Diste mper , Hepatiti s, Parvoviru s and
Leptospi rosis.

Puppies should have an initial vaccination from 8 weeks of age, and a second vaccination 28 days later, at 12 weeks. A single booster vaccination is required every 12 months following this.

After the initial vaccination course, free puppy checks are available with the nurses and we would recommend monthly visit s to check on your puppy's development, get them used to coming to the vets and keep up to date with flea and worming treatments.

We also recommend an additional vaccination against Infectious Tracheobronchitis (More commonly known as Kennel Cough). This is a highly infectious disease which affects a dog's respiratory tract. It often presents as a harsh, dry cough - rather like whooping cough in humans - and can last several weeks. In some cases, more serious complications such as pneumonia can develop.

It isa common misconcep t ion t hat the Kennel Cough vaccine is only for dogs who visit kenne l s. Contrary to the name, Kennel Cough is passed from dog to dog viaairborne droplets so any dog who is in contact with any other dog can become infected, not only those in kennels.

We recommend the Kennel Cough intranasal vaccination is given at least 3 weeks before your dog goes into kennels. A booster vaccination is required every 12 months.

Cat Vaccinations
Vaccinations protect your cat against Cat Flu, Feline Enteriti s and

These infect ious cat diseasesare comm on ly seen, as cats are more likely to pick up and spread infection by meeting other cats and going to places where other cats have been.

Kit t ens should be vaccinated form 9 weeks of ag e, and a second inject ion form 12 weeks. A single booster injection is then required every 12 months.

Rabbit Vaccinations
Your rabbits should be vaccinated agains t t wo fatal rabbit diseases -
M yxomato sis and Viral Haemorrhagic Disease (VHD).

Rabbit s can be vaccinated from 5 weeks of age and should have a booster injection every 12 months.

There is a relatively new vaccination for
rabbits in the UK - A strain of Rabbit Haemorrh agic Disea se (RHD - 2). Th i s is also a fatal disease in Rabbit s and we recom mend vaccination at least 2 weeks after the Myxomatosis/VHD vaccine, with a booster every 12 months.

Rabies Vaccinations
Rabies is a deadly disease that is transmitted through saliva - usually th rough a bit e. Thankful ly, the UK is free from Rabies, so pets who do not leave the UK do not require Rabies Vaccinations as routine.

Unfortunately, countries out sid e the UK are not Rabies fr ee. If you would like to take your pet abroad, they will need a vaccination to protect them from this fatal disease.

Animals can be vaccinated from 12 weeks old , then need a boo st er vacci nation every 12 to 36 months depending on the countries you would like to visit with your pet. As well as the Rabies Vaccination , they will also need a Pet Passport. Please talk to us if you would like more information about Rabies Vaccination, and travelling abroad with your pet.

For more information about any of your pet's vaccinations, please do not hesitate to contact the surgery.